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Study on Spatial Variation of Soil Moisture in Coal Mining Subsidence Area in Mu Us Sandy Land
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  • 英文篇名:Study on Spatial Variation of Soil Moisture in Coal Mining Subsidence Area in Mu Us Sandy Land
  • 作者:Guoping ; ZHAO ; Haiyan ; WANG ; Junbao ; LI ; Hui ; GUO
  • 英文作者:Guoping ZHAO;Haiyan WANG;Junbao LI;Hui GUO;Key Laboratory of State Forestry Administration on Soil and Water Conservation & Ecological Restoration of Loess Plateau;Shaanxi Academy of Forestry;
  • 英文关键词:Coal mining subsidence;;Soil moisture;;Spatial variation;;Mu Us sandy land
  • 中文刊名:Asian Agricultural Research
  • 英文刊名:亚洲农业研究(英文版)
  • 机构:Key Laboratory of State Forestry Administration on Soil and Water Conservation & Ecological Restoration of Loess Plateau;Shaanxi Academy of Forestry;
  • 出版日期:2018-03-15
  • 出版单位:Asian Agricultural Research
  • 年:2018
  • 期:03
  • 基金:Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China(41661062);; Shaanxi Provincial Science and Technology Research and Development Plan Project(2014KJXX-21);; Shaanxi Provincial Natural Science Fund Project(2014jm5126)
  • 语种:英文;
  • 页:70-74
  • 页数:5
  • ISSN:1943-9903
  • 分类号:S152.7
摘要
In order to explore the spatial distribution and variation characteristics of soil moisture in coal mining subsidence area in Mu Us sandy Land,and provide theoretical basis for the restoration of the mining area,experiments based on a linear sampling and classic statistical and geostatistical methods were conducted. Spatial distribution characteristics and variation of soil moisture in the typical 0 to 100 cm dune area in the subsidence area and the non-subsidence area( control) were studied. The results showed that in the typical sand dune location of nonsubsidence area( control),the probability distribution curves of soil moisture changes in all layers along vertical and horizontal directions were all normal distribution,and it was consistent with the temporal and spatial variation characteristics of soil moisture in conventional dunes in Mu Us sandy land. By contrast,two years after the coal mine collapsed,the variations of soil moisture in different layers along vertical and horizontal directions were different,and soil moisture loss was more serious than that of control dune by nearly 10% to 30%,and the standard deviation varied from 0. 54 to 1. 05,increasing by 52. 08% compared with the non-subsidence area( control). The probability of positive and negative deviation greater than 1 was over 50%,and the coefficient of variation varied from 0. 14 to 0. 28,which was 80% higher than that of nonsubsidence area( control). After collapsing,the average level of soil moisture,standard deviation,variance and variation coefficient had greatly changed,and influence of coal mining subsidence on soil moisture was the most in the middle layer( 30-70 cm),and was not obvious in the surface( 0-20 cm) and lower layer( 80-100 cm). In coal mining subsidence area,the dispersion degree of soil moisture in different layers along the vertical and horizontal direction was greatly improved,which increased spatial variation of soil moisture.
        In order to explore the spatial distribution and variation characteristics of soil moisture in coal mining subsidence area in Mu Us sandy Land,and provide theoretical basis for the restoration of the mining area,experiments based on a linear sampling and classic statistical and geostatistical methods were conducted. Spatial distribution characteristics and variation of soil moisture in the typical 0 to 100 cm dune area in the subsidence area and the non-subsidence area( control) were studied. The results showed that in the typical sand dune location of nonsubsidence area( control),the probability distribution curves of soil moisture changes in all layers along vertical and horizontal directions were all normal distribution,and it was consistent with the temporal and spatial variation characteristics of soil moisture in conventional dunes in Mu Us sandy land. By contrast,two years after the coal mine collapsed,the variations of soil moisture in different layers along vertical and horizontal directions were different,and soil moisture loss was more serious than that of control dune by nearly 10% to 30%,and the standard deviation varied from 0. 54 to 1. 05,increasing by 52. 08% compared with the non-subsidence area( control). The probability of positive and negative deviation greater than 1 was over 50%,and the coefficient of variation varied from 0. 14 to 0. 28,which was 80% higher than that of nonsubsidence area( control). After collapsing,the average level of soil moisture,standard deviation,variance and variation coefficient had greatly changed,and influence of coal mining subsidence on soil moisture was the most in the middle layer( 30-70 cm),and was not obvious in the surface( 0-20 cm) and lower layer( 80-100 cm). In coal mining subsidence area,the dispersion degree of soil moisture in different layers along the vertical and horizontal direction was greatly improved,which increased spatial variation of soil moisture.
引文
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