Using Demonstrations Involving Combustion and Acid–Base Chemistry To Show Hydration of Carbon Dioxide, Sulfur Dioxide, and Magnesium Oxide and Their Relevance for Environmental Climate Science
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  • 作者:C. Frank Shaw III ; James W. Webb ; Otis Rothenberger
  • 关键词:Acids; Analogies; Bases; Demonstrations; Environmental Chemistry; First-Year Undergraduate; General; High School; Introductory Chemistry; Transfer;
  • 机构:C. Frank ShawIII†, James W. Webb*, and Otis Rothenberger Department of Chemistry, Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois 61790-4160, United States
  • 出版单位:Journal of Chemical Education
  • 分类:技术方法
  • 年:2016
  • 期:12
  • 资源类型:期刊论文
  • 来源:ACS
The nature of acidic and basic (alkaline) oxides can be easily illustrated via a series of three straightforward classroom demonstrations for high school and general chemistry courses. Properties of carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and magnesium oxide are revealed inexpensively and safely. Additionally, the very different kinetics of hydration of SO2 (rapid) and CO2 (slow) are evident. The pH changes observed by use of universal indicator provide striking visual evidence that makes the concepts of acidic and basic oxides less abstract and more concrete than verbal or written descriptions alone. By using the MgO solution for the SO2 hydration reaction, one can mimic environmental interactions that lead to the neutralization of alkaline and acidic species. Interestingly, the SO2 and CO2 demonstrations can easily be adapted to environmental chemistry courses and especially the very relevant realm of climate change science. The difference in hydration rates explains why CO2 is a greenhouse gas, but SO2 is not listed as one. Variations of the CO2 hydration demonstration reveal the sensitivity of oceans to acidification by dissolved CO2 and the relationship of fossil fuel combustion to ocean acidification.

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